How We Build

Going from a dream and an idea to a finished, quality-built deck can be a complicated and daunting process. We realize that although you may have an amazing idea, and know exactly what you want, that oftentimes this is where people get stuck, and don’t know how to make their dreams a reality. This is where we come in. We know what it takes to get your project built the right way, and we’ll help you so that you can have a finished product you can be proud of. We’ve compiled a list of the main processes and a description of each to help you understand what needs to be done. Some things are required, some are optional.

Permits

Once we receive your deposit and signed contract for a project, the first step is to apply for a building permit from your local permit office. We take care of the entire process, including checking the requirements that apply to your project, and submitting all the necessary paperwork. The time required to process the permit application varies by municipality. We will also schedule all required inspections during the project.

Footings

There are generally three types of footings you can use. The most cost effective one being the concrete surface pads but these are also the most likely to shift or move. The other two options are concrete piles and screw piles. These two are very similar in pricing. Our reccomendation would be to use screw piles as there are numerous advantages to going this route. Screw piles are less likely to heave when carrying a light load such as a deck or sunroom whereas a concrete pile will more easily heave, especially in our Manitoba climate. Another advantage to a screw pile is that the equipment we use to put them in is very light compared to concrete trucks or skidsteers so it doesn’t mess up your landscaping.

Framing

Securely attached to your home is the ledger board, which is typically attached using lag bolts as per local building code. For concrete surfaces, we opt for concrete wedge anchors. Our framing joists, tailored for various deck dimensions, are set at 16 inches on center for straight and 12 inches for composite, PVC, or diagonal flooring. Framing products vary in size depending on the height and size of your deck. Joist hangers used are zinc-coated and hot dipped galvanized, offering rust protection. All our fasteners are approved for ACQ and all other pressure treated lumber and outdoor use.

Beam

Our beams generally sit on 6×6 posts or if it’s a lower deck directly on the pile. The beam size varies depending on the height of the deck, span of the floor joists, etc. If you have a deck that is high off the ground, you may want to consider the option of wrapping the posts and beam with the same material used for your decking so that no green pressure treated wood is visible from the front of your deck. Ask one of our salesmen about this option.

Flooring

The floor is one of the most noticeable parts of your deck. There are many options for the flooring. Boards can be laid out straight, diagonally, or in varied patterns. In most cases, we can design the floor layout so there will be no splices in the boards. We strive to minimize splicing, ensuring seamless integration against the house and around features like spouting. Many times, our decks are designed with a “picture frame” border around the outer edge of the floor to provide a clean, finished look. For even more character, these border boards can be a different color than the main floor. Our salesmen will be happy to explain those options to you. Floor boards can be fastened using color matching surface screws (you will be able to see the screws), or using hidden fasteners. With the hidden fastener systems, you will not be able to see any screws in the surface of the floor.

Railing

There are a few types of railing system such as wood, aluminum and pvc and it is important to determine which one you’re going with before construction starts because most railing systems get built into the deck frame. The method of railing installation varies depending on which railing system is used. Almost all systems, including the vinyl railings, use 4 x 4 posts. These posts are pressure treated and are attached on the inside of the deck framing using GRK Structural screws.

Lighting (Optional)

One very popular option for decks and porches is lighting. There are many options, and our salesmen will be happy to discuss them with you. There are a few ways that lights can be wired. The most popular option is to use low voltage landscape wiring. This can be installed by our craftsmen. The lights are all wired to a transformer box that plugs into a regular electrical outlet. Please talk to one of our salesmen for more information.

Steps

The steps, crafted from pressure-treated 2 x 12s, are custom-built on-site to perfectly match the height from your deck to ground level. Attached to pressure-treated posts, they are firmly set into the ground using techniques similar to those for deck footings. Step risers will be finished with the same material selected for your deck’s fascia.

Fascia

We cover the exposed green pressure-treated framing and step sides with your choice of brown pressure-treated lumber, composite, or PVC that complements or contrasts your decking material. The fascia, which can be installed either vertically or horizontally, is designed to harmonize with or accentuate your deck’s flooring. This detailing ensures a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing finish to your deck.

Vertical Skirting to Ground (Optional)

Another option for finishing off the bottom of your deck is to use vertical boards for skirting the bottom of your deck to close it up. The same material that is used on the floor of your deck will be used to close up the side of deck. This is a great way to prevent any kind of animals from using the area under your deck to build their homes, and also a good way to create some extra storage space.